Question 1(Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)[MC]Which of the following would bemostreliable source for a research paper explaining the causes for…

Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]<object:standard:lacc.w.1112.2b>

Which of the following would be most reliable source for a research paper explaining the causes for whale and dolphin strandings during the summer?

 A published article written by a person who worked on a fishing vessel for 20 years

 A newspaper editorial discussing the consequences of ocean pollution for wildlife

 An article from Scientific American magazine explaining new findings from recent studies

 An interview with a person who saw whales stranding themselves on a local beach

Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]<object:standard:lacc.l.1112.2a>

Which pair correctly uses a hyphen?

 Four-million

 Two-thousand

 One-hundred

 Three-fifths

Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]<object:standard:lacc.l.1112.2a>

Which pair correctly uses a hyphen?

 Anti-American

 Child-like

 Semi-final

 Semi-circle

Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]<object:standard:lacc.ri.1112.9>

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

Which statement from the second paragraph indicates that Hamilton worries that men will oppose the formation of a stronger government because the confusion of fragmented government gives them a better chance at getting an authority position?

 Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men…

 …flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies…

 …the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country…

 …in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments…

Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]<object:standard:lacc.l.1112.3a>

Read the sentence below and answer the following question:

Had I right, for my own benefit, to inflict this curse upon everlasting generations?—Shelley,Frankenstein

Which of the following correctly describes the syntax of this excerpt?

 Ending with the word generations emphasizes the narrator’s sense of importance.

 Placing the phrase had I right at the beginning of the sentence emphasizes the narrator’s doubt.

 Using the verb phrase to inflict emphasizes the painful nature of the narrator’s decision.

 Using the word curse suggests the narrator sees himself as more powerful than he is.

Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]<object:standard:lacc.l.1112.3a>

Read the sentence below and answer the following question:

Never was she so enchanting as at this time, when she recalled the sunshine of her smiles and spent them upon us.—Shelley, Frankenstein

Which of the following correctly describes the syntax of this excerpt?

 Ending the sentence with us emphasizes the narrator’s selfishness.

 Including a dependent clause emphasizes the fragile nature of happiness.

 Starting the sentence with never emphasizes the idea that this was a special time.

 Using enchanting as a descriptive word suggests a fearful element.

Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]<object:standard:lacc.w.1112.7>

A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:

Dolphins AND military OR combat

Which of the following best describes the likely results of this search?

 Sources that reference either dolphins or the military and combat

 Sources that reference both the military and combat, including dolphins

 Sources that reference both dolphins and the military, including references to combat

 Sources that reference both dolphins and the military, excluding references to combat

Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]<object:standard:lacc.w.1112.7>

A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:

Baseball AND history NOT semi-professional

Which of the following best describes the likely results of this search?

 Sources that reference only general baseball history and exclude semi-professionals

 Sources that reference only semi-professionals and history but not baseball in general

 Sources that reference semi-professional baseball and history

 Sources that reference semi-professional baseball only and not history

Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]<object:standard:ri1112.8>

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

The document in question upon its first printed side recited the first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said, ‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous conspiracy.

Which of the following is a statement supported by the protest document?

 Submit to intimidation

 Deny or disparage rights

 Assert your opposition to the draft

 Silently consent to the conscription

Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]<object:standard:ri1112.8>

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

This is an indictment in three counts. The first charges a conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act of June 15, 1917, by causing and attempting to cause insubordination, in the military and naval forces of the United States, and to obstruct the recruiting and enlistment service of the United States, when the United States was at war with the German Empire, to-wit, that the defendant willfully conspired to have printed and circulated to men who had been called and accepted for military service under the Act of May 18, 1917, a document set forth and alleged to be calculated to cause such insubordination and obstruction. The count alleges overt acts in pursuance of the conspiracy, ending in the distribution of the document set forth. The second count alleges a conspiracy to commit an offense against the United States, to-wit, to use the mails for the transmission of matter declared to be non-mailable by title 12, 2, of the Act of June 15, 1917, to-wit, the above mentioned document, with an averment of the same overt acts. The third count charges an unlawful use of the mails for the transmission of the same matter and otherwise as above. The defendants were found guilty on all the counts. They set up the First Amendment to the Constitution forbidding Congress to make any law abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, and bringing the case here on that ground have argued some other points also of which we must dispose.

According to the bolded lines, what is one reason for Schenck’s indictment?

 He helped organize a mail campaign for the military.

 He tried to send something through the mail illegally.

 He tried to encourage men to sign up for enlistment.

 He tried to join the United States Navy.

Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[HC]<object:standard:lacc.ri.1112.9>

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

It is not, however, my design to dwell upon observations of this nature. I am well aware that it would be disingenuous to resolve indiscriminately the opposition of any set of men (merely because their situations might subject them to suspicion) into interested or ambitious views. Candor will oblige us to admit that even such men may be actuated by upright intentions; and it cannot be doubted that much of the opposition which has made its appearance, or may hereafter make its appearance, will spring from sources, blameless at least, if not respectable–the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived jealousies and fears. So numerous indeed and so powerful are the causes which serve to give a false bias to the judgment, that we, upon many occasions, see wise and good men on the wrong as well as on the right side of questions of the first magnitude to society. This circumstance, if duly attended to, would furnish a lesson of moderation to those who are ever so much persuaded of their being in the right in any controversy. And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists.Ambition, avarice, personal animosity, party opposition, and many other motives not more laudable than these, are apt to operate as well upon those who support as those who oppose the right side of a question. Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties. For in politics, as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at making proselytes by fire and sword. Heresies in either can rarely be cured by persecution.

Which of the following correctly summarizes the main point of this text from the excerpt?

And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists.

 Enemies will undermine those with good intentions at every turn.

 In an effort this large, caution is to be remembered in all parts of the process.

 Many who seem to support moral choices may also have questionable motives.

 Those on the side of good will always know those who oppose them.

Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]<object:standard:lacc.w.1112.2f>

A student is concluding an informative essay about the legacy of Rosa Parks. Which of the following would best conclude that essay?

 She had a long and interesting childhood, met many famous people, and will continue to be a figure worthy of our attention.

 She led the country where others feared to lead, changing the course of history and empowering the weak during a time of dire need.

 The President recently revealed and dedicated a statue to the legacy of this great woman.

 Though she is now quite elderly and is not as well-known, school children still learn about her.

Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]<object:standard:lacc.w.1112.9>

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt?

The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world.

 Hamilton feared the unity of the country was at stake during the process to write the new Constitution.

 Hamilton took a worldly view of the processes of writing the new Constitution.

 Members of the committee to write the new Constitution should be concerned about how the world viewed them.

 The union of the new America was an issue the entire world cared about during the country’s development.

Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]<object:standard:lacc.w.1112.9>

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

This idea will add the inducements of philanthropy to those of patriotism, to heighten the solicitude which all considerate and good men must feel for the event. Happy will it be if our choice should be directed by a judicious estimate of our true interests, unperplexed and unbiased by considerations not connected with the public good. But this is a thing more ardently to be wished than seriously to be expected. The plan offered to our deliberations affects too many particular interests, innovates upon too many local institutions, not to involve in its discussion a variety of objects foreign to its merits, and of views, passions and prejudices little favorable to the discovery of truth.

Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt?

Happy will it be if our choice should be directed by a judicious estimate of our true interests, unperplexed and unbiased by considerations not connected with the public good.

 Hamilton had many opinions that he put aside to ensure the ratification process could succeed.

 Hamilton liked the political process despite the petty arguments people got into.

 Hamilton wished Constitutional reformers would consider only what was best for the public.

 Hamilton was happy to be a participant in the Constitutional Convention, even though it was quarrelsome.

Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]<object:standard:lacc.w.1112.2c>

Read these two sentences:

  • The research indicates an increase in the number of eagle nesting sites in the Southeast.
  • Eagle numbers overall are dramatically declining each year.

Which transition word correctly links the two sentences?

 Additionally

 Consequently

 Furthermore

 However

 Incidentally

Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]<object:standard:lacc.w.1112.8>

Which source would provide credible information about early efforts to stop elephant poaching?

 A recent news article in National Geographic magazine

 A YouTube video interview with a park ranger in Kenya

 A book published in 1970 by a soldier trained to protect elephants

 An editorial article on nationalparkstraveler.com

Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]<object:standard:lacc.w.1112.2a>

Lauren has found the following information during the research process for her informative paper:

  • A map of lightning strikes in three neighboring states over the last 5 years
  • A scientific description of the conditions in which lightning develops
  • An eye-witness account of a lightning strike
  • A detailed account of a day in the life of a storm chaser

What is the most useful next step in the writing process for Lauren?

 Conduct her own study of nearby lightning strikes.

 Develop an organizational plan for these details.

 Determine how these sources relate to one another.

 Write an introduction and conclusion for her paper.

Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]<object:standard:ri1112.9>

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

The document in question upon its first printed side recited the first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said, ‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous conspiracy. 

Which phrase does the protest document use to describe conscription?

 The solemn duty of all citizens

 A monstrous wrong against humanity

 A peaceful measure

 Asserting and supporting rights

Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]<object:standard:lacc.ri.1112.8>

The purpose of the Federalist Papers was to express concern about the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation, the document that outlined the first government of the United States of America. Alexander Hamilton, among others, wrote the Federalist Papers to persuade doubtful New Yorkers to vote in favor of the stronger federal government proposed in the United States Constitution.

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

Based on this sentence from the first paragraph, why does Hamilton think it is important for the United States to be successful?

It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force.

 Its success will give more power to other rulers around the world.

 Without the United States, governments around the world will fall apart.

 Its success will show that it is possible for people to make their own government.

 Without the United States, people will have no reason to behave civilly.

Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]<object:standard:lacc.ri.1112.8>

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

According to Hamilton’s writing in the second paragraph, what is one reason the new Constitution would be opposed?

 People are interested in everyone being granted equal status.

 The proposed changes would make it difficult to understand.

 Individuals who hold positions of importance do not want a stronger government.

 Too many positions will be open for leaders in the new government.







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